Signalment:2 month 25 day old, male, cheetah
History:This cub began separating itself from its dam and siblings. It was lethargic, inactive, and severely hypothermic (< 87°F) with bloody, liquid diarrhea. After 7 hours of supportive care (heating, subcutaneous fluids, IVC LRS with KCL and dextrose, IV Ceftiofur, and metronidazole), the temperature increased to 101.4°F. However, the cub’s condition rapidly declined and it died spontaneously less than 12 hours following onset of clinical signs.
Gross Lesions:The gastric fundic mucosa had multifocal dark red-black areas (ulcerations) and the pyloric mucosa was hemorrhagic. The duodenum and jejunum were thickened with dark red-black areas on the serosa and mucosa. The cecum contains pasty green-black material, and the colonic mucosa had paintbrush hemorrhages.